2006 - 2017 I.O.O.F.  Educational Pilgrimage for Youth

Independent Order of Odd Fellows

Educational Pilgrimage for Youth

Delegate Information:

Each delegate will be limited to one (1) piece of luggage, in addition to one carry on.

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2017 Tour 

July 8-18

July 15-25

Thank You for Your Support of the Program.

NYC Itinerary
Buses 1 - 4
Buses 5 - 6
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Speech Organization

"Speak to be understood and speak with variety to maintain interest."

The preparation for any speech is the foundation of the presentation and begins with a Topic and a Central Idea or Theme. The information available from the workshops, at UNICEF House, in the Library or personal experiences will provide you with the material to organize your speech.

  • Organizing your points: There are various methods to use but the following are suggestions:
    • Chronological - by time or sequence
    • Topical
      • Primacy - most important information first
      • Complexity - ideas from simple to complex
    • Cause and Effect - discuss a situation and its causes or a situation and its effects.
    • Problem and Solution - discuss a problem and the various solutions or a solution and the problems it would solve.
  • Organizing your Supporting Materials
    • Specificity - from specific to general or vice versa
    • Complexity - simple to complex
    • Soft to hard evidence - opinion or example to fact or statistic.
  • Introduction
    • Introduce the subject, theme, or central idea
    • To get the audience's attention use:
      • An illustration,
      • A startling statistic,
      • A quotation
      • Humor
      • A question
      • Reference an historical event
      • Reference a current event
      • A personal experience.
    • Give the audience a reason to listen - tell the listeners how the topic directly affects them.
    • Establish your credibility - tell your listeners about your commitment to the topic.
    • Preview your main ideas - tell your listeners what you are going to tell them.
  • Verbal Transitions
    • Repeating a key word or using a synonym or pronoun that refers to the key word ­
      • "These problems cannot be allowed to continue…"
    • Using a transitional word or phrase ­
      • "In addition to the facts that I have mentioned we need to consider another problem…"
    • Enumerating­
      • "Second, there has been a rapid increase in the number of accidents reported…"
    • Using internal-summaries and previews ­
      • "Now that we have discussed the problems caused by illiteracy, let us look at some of the possible solutions."
  • Nonverbal Transitions
  • These can occur alone or in conjunction with verbal transitions:
    • a change in facial expression;
    • a pause;
    • an altered vocal pitch or speaking rate; - a movement.
  • Conclusion
    • Summarizes the speech - tell the listeners what you told them.
    • Reemphasize the main idea in a memorable way ­use a well-worded closing phrase and provide a final example.
    • Motivate the audience to respond - urge the listeners to think about the topic or research it further and suggest appropriate action.
    • Provide closure - use verbal and nonverbal transitions and make reference to the introduction.
    • Review your main ideas - tell your listeners what you just told them.
  • Using words effectively
    • To hold your audience's attention
      • ­keep your language concrete vs abstract
    • To make your language unbiased­
      • avoid language that demeans, stereotypes or patronizes groups of people
    • To keep your language simple ­
      • avoid a long word when a short one will be sufficient.
    • Remember – not all of your audience may be from the same geographic and linguistic regions.
  • Characteristics of Effective Delivery
    • Body Language:
      • Gestures - natural and relaxed; coordinated with what you say; consistent with your message; unobtrusive and varied.
      • Movement - unobtrusive (does not distract from the message), should make sense to the listener.
      • Posture ­- the way you carry your body communicates significant information, can reflect credibility, communicates the intensity of an emotion, should reflect your interest in the event and what is being presented.
      • Eye Contact - opens communications, makes you more believable and keeps your audience interested; contributes to the success of your delivery; provides you with feedback about how your speech is being received.
      • Facial Expression - expresses your thoughts, emotions and attitudes; audience sees your face before they hear your words; can vary to be consistent with the message.
    • Vocal Delivery - includes pitch, rate, volume, pronunciation, articulation, pauses and general variation of the voice.